What is relative age dating in geology

For example, the presence of recycled bricks at an archaeological site indicates the sequence in which the structures were built.Similarly, in geology, if distinctive granitic pebbles can be found in the sediment beside a similar granitic body, it can be inferred that the granite, after cooling, had been uplifted and eroded and therefore was not injected into the adjacent rock sequence.Local relationships on a single outcrop or archaeological site can often be interpreted to deduce the sequence in which the materials were assembled.This then can be used to deduce the sequence of events and processes that took place or the history of that brief period of time as recorded in the .Geologists generally know the age of a rock by determining the age of the group of rocks, or formation, that it is found in.The age of formations is marked on a geologic calendar known as the geologic time scale.This idea is known as Plutonism, in reference to the God of the deep underworld.

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Geologist in the 1800s worked out 7 basic principles of stratigraphy that allowed them, and now us, to work out the relative ages of rocks.

By carefully digging, we have found that each trash pit shows a sequence of layers.

Although the types of trash in each pit is quite variable, each layer has a distinctive kind of trash that distinguishes it from other layers in the pits.

organisms, geologists employ a variety of techniques.

These include some that establish a relative chronology in which occurrences can be placed in the correct sequence relative to one another or to some known succession of events.

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